Garuda Indonesia is committed and actively participates in suppressing the growth rate of gas emissions resulting from operational activities through various programs that have been implemented in line with Garuda Indonesia’s ‘Quantum Leap Program’ and IATA’s Four Pillar Strategy (Improved Technology, Effective Operations, Efficient Infrastructure, and Positive Economic Measures). These programs are as follows:
- Fuel Conservation
This program has been, and will continue to be, carried out by Garuda Indonesia in order to reduce the rate of flue gas emission through a number of methods to improve fuel efficiency. The Fuel Conservation Program is applied through several strategic steps, namely:
Through the Fuel Conservation Program, Garuda Indonesia managed to save 22,01 million liters of fuel in 2011, this equaled to 54,590 tons of CO2 and 364,855 tons of NOx.
- Potable Water Management : one of the ways to reduce the aircraft’s fuel burden is through managing the amount of water carried onboard.
- Optimum Center of Gravity: the optimal positioning of the load aboard the aircraft to reduce the burden and attain the optimal fuel efficiency.
- Nearest Alternate: the policy of deciding the nearest alternative airport from the destination airport at each flight. The shorter distance, the less fuel is required.
- Cost Index: speed management on each type of aircraft for the efficient consumption of fuel.
- ATC Coordination: Coordination with Air Traffic Control (ATC) at each flight for Direct Routing and Optimum Flight Level, which will result in more efficient fuel consumption.
- Pilot Flight Technique: modification from time to time, as the technology develops, in order to create a more efficient yet safer and more comfortable flight.
- Maintenance Program: maintenance programs conducted to manage the aircraft engine’s high consumption of fuel.
- Rejuvenated Fleet
Garuda Indonesia is conducting the fleet development program through significant simplification and fleet revitalization with new fleets including the Airbus A330s, Boeing 737-800NG, Boeing 777-300 ER, and Bombardier CRJ1000 NextGen. The objectives are to increase the service quality and operational cost efficiency, while reducing both the emission rate and noise pollution. Garuda Indonesia has made a target that all aircrafts will be six years old or younger by 2015.
- Carbon Offset
Starting with the signing of the Carbon Offset Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the International Air Transport Association (IATA), i.e. the ready-to-use program offered to customers, which offers compensation for the emissions created, these contributions are then aimed at projects with the function of reducing carbon production in developing countries.
Through this program, customers can compensate for the emissions created when they fly with Garuda Indonesia. Information on the reduced CO2, requital, and the emission reduction actions will be posted on the official website of Garuda Indonesia.
Aside from this, GMF AeroAsia (a subsidiary of Garuda Indonesia) has become the only Halon Bank in Indonesia since 2000. Halon is included in the ozone-depletion substance (ODS) group with careful supervision on its production and consumption, under the Montreal Protocol. There are several types of halon i.e. Halon 1211, 1301, and 2402. In Indonesia, halon is generally used for fire-fighting.
The main activity of the Halon Bank is gathering the unused halon according to a quality standard. Thereafter, the valid quality halon is distributed to other essential users. Thanks to this contribution, GMF was awarded with the Montreal Protocol Award by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) in 2010.
- Renewable Energy (Bio-fuel)
Garuda Indonesia, the Directorate of Airworthiness and Aircraft Operation (DKUPPU) and PT. Pertamina (Persero) have been discussing about organizing a feasibility study, starting a working group, and implementing a bio-fuel renewable energy program in 2015.